Lesson 8: The Aspects of Language
There are four basic aspects of language that have been studied: phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Phonology is the study of the sounds of a language. (To remember this term, think of the sounds that come from your telephone, or the word cacophony, meaning a lot of loud, annoying sounds!) Syntax is the grammar of a language—that is, how we put words in order and how we change words (for example, play becomes played when we talk about the past) so they make sense to our listeners.