Lesson 2: INTEGRAL DIMENSION OF BEING HUMAN
Physicists are perfectly right in stressing the difficulties of research into elementary particles. But they should not resent being told that such research is child’s play in comparison with the scientific comprehension of games played by children! The rules of any game are only a conventionally marked path; children “run” along this path very capriciously, violating its borders at every turn, because they possess free will and their choice cannot be predicted. Nothing in the world is more complex or more perplexing than a human being.
Many sciences study people, but each of them does so from its own particular angle. Philosophy, which studies humanity in the round, relies on the achievements of other sciences and seeks the essential knowledge that unites humankind.
Idealism reduces the human essence to the spiritual principle. According to Hegel, the individual realizes not subjective, but objective aims; he is a part of the unity not only of the human race but of the whole universe because the essence of both the universe and man is the spirit.